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Abstract (English):
The paper discusses the importance of the problem of adverse effects of cosmic processes and phenomena (space weather factors) on the ground engineering and technical infrastructure, space-born radio-electronic facilities, etc. It examines the state of the experimental base for research in solar, atmosphere, and near-Earth space physics in Russia and abroad. The necessity of creating new-generation instruments, developed using advanced engineering solutions and technologies, is justified. The complex of the main facilities and instruments of the National Heliogeophysical Complex of the Russian Academy of Sciences is analyzed. The main scientific directions of basic research and applied problems are formulated.

space weather, solar-terrestrial relations, monitoring, forecast, geophysical effects, solar activity
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